Food fraud is a multibillion dollar industry carried out by organized crime as well as individuals who want to make more money from the same resources. The top ten most “frauded” foods in the EU & USA are:
- EU: olive oil, fish, organic foods, milk, grains, honey/maple syrup, coffee/tea, spices, wine and some fruit juices like pomegranate. *
- USA: Fish/seafood, dairy, oils/fats, meats, alcoholic beverages, honey/sweetners, grain, produce, spices and some types of fruit juices. **
Raw materials like rice and eggs (whole shell on) are now being made out of materials like polymers and gyprock. Product substitution like Russian caught salmon for Alaskan MSC certified salmon, is carried out regularly. The wine industry is now being targeted, by simply reproducing the same bottles and labels and pouring in any old wine. Packaging reproduction is a simple process and far easier than product substitution, dilution or theft.
The British Government “Elliot Review” carried out as a result of the horse meat scandal concluded that the weak point in the food production supply chain, is the storage and distribution sector. The sector is the least likely of all of the food supply chain to be audited and exposes fully packaged, finished product to other parties.